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SEPTIC SYSTEMS
On Lot Sewage Disposal Systems, commonly referred to as septic systems, serve about 25 million homes in the United States.  A properly designed, installed, and maintained septic system should last up to 50 years. 
Unfortunately, there are many factors that will affect the lifespan of a septic system.  These include soil type, landscape position, proper design and installation, amount of water used in the house, and most important – maintenance of the system.

Many system drainfields fail because of tree roots that grow into the trenches seeking the highly organic nutrients and water. Other systems fail because of leaking plumbing that overloads the septic system drainfield or improper effluent that disrupts the biological process of decomposition.

All septic systems will eventually reach their capacity to treat and absorb wastewater. For this reason, it is important to properly diagnose and repair any deficiencies immediately upon discovery.




SOIL TESTING

The testing for an on-lot sewage disposal system involves three steps. 
The first is to locate at least two possible suitable areas for the seepage bed.  Some of the factors that help to determine site suitability are slope of land, proximity to existing and future well systems, boundary lines and rights of way issued to a third party, presence of various plant species, tree root structure, etc.
The second is to conduct a probe.  We will excavate the ground and work with the Sewage Enforcement Officer to analyze the soil layers and inspect the probe for evidence of soil mottling.


The third step is to conduct the percolation portion of the perk test.  A number of cylindrical holes will be dug and the time it takes for water to drain will be recorded.  This will take several readings to obtain an average perc rate in an environment similar to that of a saturated seepage bed.




SEPTIC DESIGN SERVICES

Utilizing the data collected in the soil testing stage an on-lot sewage disposal system can be designed.  Some of the systems that can be used are:
  • At Grade Bed Systems
  • Drip Irrigation Systems
  • Evapotranspiration Greenhouse Systems
  • Peat Based Systems
  • Elevated Sand Mound Type I
  • Elevated Sand Mound Type II (Steep Slope)
  • Eljen Systems
  • Spray Irrigation
  • Aerobic Tank Systems
It is our goal to design a system that is both economically feasible and aesthetically pleasing.  Many townships will permit the removal of an unsightly sand mound.  Replacing the mound with an alternate peat based system not only increases the lifespan of the septic system it adds great value to your home by returning your yard to a level terrain.



SEPTIC MAINTENANCE
Having your septic tank pumped every two years will add years to the life of the system.  Pumping out the septic tank is not only inexpensive it permits the pumper to inspect the inlet and outlet baffles for any breakage or misalignment.
Avoid flushing anything that wont dissolve in water.  Active bacteria is necessary for proper waste decomposition.  This bacteria can be killed by dumping improper chemicals down the drain.  
Avoid the gimmicky additives that promise to keep your system running properly.  Independent testing has proved that none of the septic additives on the market increase the lifespan of a septic system.






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